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2020 climate & energy package

Teacher Hans De Keulenaer, Ales Sinkovec


Although the European Union had legislated in the area of energy policy for many years, the concept of introducing a mandatory and comprehensive European energy policy was for a long time not approved. With the Treaty of Lisbon this changed. The Treaty includes legal solidarity in matters of energy supply and gives the EU the right to change energy policy within the EU.

Following the adoption of the Kyoto protocol, the EU set out in implementing the greenhouse gas reductions goals. Given the flagship initiative at the time of Europe 2020, the climate and energy package that was proposed in 2007 and adopted in 2009 took the form of the 20 20 20 by 2020 goals. The package is a set of binding legislation to ensure the EU meets its climate and energy targets by the year 2020. It includes three key targets:

* 20% cut in greenhouse gas emissions (from 1990 levels)

* 20% of EU energy from renewables

* 20% improvement in energy efficiency

This course will cover the entirety of the energy and climate package – how the EU planned to achieve the headline targets: ETS for reducing emissions in industry, effort sharing decision for non-ETS sectors, the Renewable Energy Directive, the Energy Efficiency Directive, and the role of innovation. Given the complexity of these implementing directives, the course will cover them in general terms as other courses on Leonardo Energy go into much further detail.

Duration (hours)