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Introduction to the Energy Efficiency Directive

Teacher Hans De Keulenaer, Paul Waide


Date: April 17, 2015
Time: 13h00-14h00 Central European Time (check your local time)

The Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) was adopted in 2012 and is one of the EU’s four key Directives addressing energy efficiency in stationary (i.e. non transport) end-uses (the others being the Energy Performance in Buildings Directive, The Ecodesign Directive and the Energy Labelling Directive). Given that the other Directives cover the energy performance of buildings and equipment the EED is designed to address energy savings opportunities that are not readily addressed by the other Directives. It has its origin in the preceding Energy Services Directive, which was repealed when the EED was adopted. The Energy Efficiency Directive establishes a set of binding measures intended to help the EU reach its 20% energy efficiency target by 2020. Under the Directive, all EU countries are required to use energy more efficiently at all stages of the energy chain from its production to its final consumption. EU countries were required to transpose the Directive's provisions into their national laws by 5 June 2014.

Being something of a catch-all Directive it covers a broad range of areas. Notably it has articles that oblige Member States to adopt national measures to ensure major energy savings for consumers and industry, including:

* energy distributors or retail energy sales companies have to achieve 1.5% energy savings per year through the implementation of energy efficiency measures

* EU countries can opt to achieve the same level of savings through other means such as improving the efficiency of heating systems, installing double glazed windows or insulating roofs

* the public sector in EU countries should purchase energy efficient buildings, products and services

* every year, EU governments will carry out energy efficient renovations on at least 3% of the buildings they own and occupy by floor area

* empowering energy consumers to better manage consumption. This includes easy and free access to data on consumption through individual metering

* national incentives for SMEs to undergo energy audits

* large companies will make audits of their energy consumption to help them identify ways to reduce it

* monitoring efficiency levels in new energy generation capacities

The lecture will introduce each of these articles, discusses the barriers they aim to address and summarises the state of implementation as evidenced in the National Energy Efficiency Action Plans submitted by EU Member States in response to the provisions of the EED. 

Duration (hours)